The GOP holds a majority of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, a rare triumph for a party that has struggled to gain ground since the 2016 presidential election.
The Democrats hold a majority in the Senate and have held on to seats in several key swing states, including Florida, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, Colorado and Nevada.
The House has 52 seats, with 24 Democrats and nine Republicans.
The Senate has 51 seats, and Democrats hold 54 seats, including 24 Republicans and eight Democrats.
The GOP won control of the House in 2010 and swept the chamber in 2014.
President Donald Trump won the 2020 election, and Republicans have controlled the House for decades.
The 2018 midterm election will be a test of the strength of the GOP and the Democrats’ ability to unify and govern in the face of a populist backlash fueled by anger over Trump’s executive orders targeting immigrants and refugees.
The election will also be a crucial test of whether Democrats can recapture the Senate, which is in play as Democrats attempt to secure enough seats to take back control of Congress.
Republicans are likely to lose seats in their own districts and win the presidency, with Democratic nominee Doug Jones taking the state of Alabama, Florida and Georgia, the most vulnerable GOP states, to Republicans.
Democratic lawmakers say they are confident of winning seats in 2018, even with the electoral map changing.
But with the GOP’s midterm victories, they are facing a much more difficult path in the House.
Democrats have won control in the last decade in 13 of the 16 districts held by Republicans, and they are looking for the most seats they can get, including the most GOP-leaning seats, to flip control of both houses.
Democrats hope to flip five of those districts to GOP control, including three in Alabama, two in Florida and one in Georgia.
The remaining three will be competitive, with one of them, in South Carolina, a historically Democratic state, in play.
The map is shifting in the midterm, with the House holding a majority now and the Senate holding a comfortable majority, but there are still many GOP-held districts where Democrats hope to capture seats.
Democrats will also try to flip a few GOP-controlled seats that they did not win, such as the districts held in Georgia and Alabama.
Republicans, meanwhile, hope to retake the House majority with a combination of Senate control and the House seats that are up for grabs in 2018.
The Trump administration, and some Republican lawmakers, say that is a recipe for a more conservative House than the one they currently have.
But Democrats argue that Republicans have won seats that Trump had not.
Democrats have won in eight of the past 13 House races that Republicans lost, including victories for Sen. Joe Manchin III (D-W.
Va.) in West Virginia, Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.) in Wyoming, and Rep. Jim Jordan (R, Ohio) in Ohio.
Democrats are also hoping to take the House back, with a number of Democrats in play, including Reps.
Kathy Castor (D), Tammy Duckworth (D) and Keith Ellison (D).
The Trump-appointed special counsel, former FBI director Robert Mueller, is expected to investigate whether the Trump campaign colluded with Russia during the election.
Democrats and Republicans alike are eager to find out if Russia was involved in the campaign.
Democrats are also hopeful that Mueller’s probe will lead to new evidence about the Trump-Russia ties that Trump and his allies have denied.
Mueller is also expected to review whether the White House colluded in the Russia investigation.
Democrats, on the other hand, are hoping to avoid the damaging and politically divisive outcome of the Russia probe, while the Republicans want to move forward with the Mueller investigation and move forward on the legislative agenda, including tax reform and health care reform.
Democrats’ focus on 2018 could be a boon to the Republicans, who could benefit from a year of uninterrupted midterm victories.
Republicans were expected to have a slim majority in both chambers of Congress this year and could potentially have to hold a tie-breaking vote in the upper chamber to pass a tax overhaul.